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Antiques Glossary - Q

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Author: Jim Coyle

  • Qing dynasty
    The last of the Chinese dynasties, sometimes spelt Ch'ing, which replaced the ming dynasty in 1644, although it was not consolidated until the 1680s during the reign of the Emperor Kangxi (1662-1722). It ended in 1912. During the Qing dynasty, famille- verte and famille-rose palettes were established, porcelain production reached its height of delicacy and Ming blue and white wares were copied. Trade with the West peaked towards the end of the 18thC, but exported blue and white deteriorated in quality, although some fine pieces were made, even in the 19thC. Cloisonn? enamels, bronzes, textiles and furniture were all exports via the port of canton. See reign marks.

    See yingqing.

    Instrument used in navigation for measuring altitude, made up of a quarter-circle of wood or metal marked with a graded scale of angles. From the late 16thC quadrants made of brass, or brass and mahogany, with a pivoted radius, or index arm, came into use.

    17th, 18thand 19th-century Scottish drinking vessel, usually made of silver in the form of a shallow bowl with two flat handles. Medieval examples were often made from wooden staves, and some silver vessels were decorated to simulate this effect. Small quaiches were for individual use; larger, ornate varieties were passed around at ceremonies, as with the tyg.

    Quare, Daniel
    (1647-1724) English clock-maker whose clocks, watches and barometers contributed to London's rise to supremacy in horology in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. His watches were among the earliest to be fitted with repeater mechanisms. Quare was also notable for making longcase clocks, usually of long duration between windings, and fitted with unusual extras such as a secondary, equation dial set into the case which showed the relationship between mean time and solar time, and bracket clocks.

    See crossbow.

    Type of veneering using four pieces of wood with the same grain pattern to form a surface; each quarter has a pattern that is a mirror image of the one alongside.

    quartette tables
    Set of four small tables, slightly decreasing in size from one table to the next, so that they can be fitted into each other to form a nest or used separately.

    The most common of stones, used for decoration since the Classical period. When free from impurities, it is a colourless rock crystal; other forms most commonly used as gemstones since the 19thC include the amethyst in all shades of violet, the cairngorm in yellow and brown, and the yellow citrine which is often wrongly referred to as topaz. The physical properties of quartz are such that when an electric current is passed through a precision-cut piece of quartz it pulsates regularly. This is used in clocks and watches in place of mechanical escapements to regulate the driving force of an electric battery, resulting in much greater accuracy. The first quartz clock movement was invented by W. A. Morrison of the Bell Laboratories in 1929.

    Quartz glass
    Trade name for crackled-effect art glass developed by the English designer Frederick carder for the steuben glassworks in the USA. A gather of molten glass was dipped into cold water, which created a fine network of cracks on the outer surface. The glass was then reheated to fuse the cracks and rolled over powdered glass. The whole was then covered in clear coloured glass. Sometimes the outer surface was treated with acid to give a satin finish.

    Queen Anne style
    Early 18thC British design style that developed principally during the reign of Queen Anne (1702-14). In the late 19thC, a version known as Queen Anne Revival emerged in architecture and reproduction furniture.

    Queen's Ware
    See creamware.

    trailed glass decoration consisting of closely spaced festoons, often used at nailsea glasshouse near Bristol and at alloa glassworks in Scotland.

  • (pronounced kem-pair), in Brittany, in north-western France, producer of tin-glazed earthenware, or fa?ence pottery.

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