Antiques Glossary - Q
Author: Jim Coyle
- Qing dynasty
The last of the Chinese dynasties, sometimes spelt Ch'ing,
which replaced the ming dynasty in 1644, although it was not
consolidated until the 1680s during the reign of the Emperor
Kangxi (1662-1722). It ended in 1912. During the Qing
dynasty, famille- verte and famille-rose palettes were
established, porcelain production reached its height of
delicacy and Ming blue and white wares were copied. Trade
with the West peaked towards the end of the 18thC, but
exported blue and white deteriorated in quality, although
some fine pieces were made, even in the 19thC. Cloisonn?
enamels, bronzes, textiles and furniture were all exports
via the port of canton. See reign marks.
Instrument used in navigation for measuring altitude, made
up of a quarter-circle of wood or metal marked with a graded
scale of angles. From the late 16thC quadrants made of
brass, or brass and mahogany, with a pivoted radius, or
index arm, came into use.
17th, 18thand 19th-century Scottish drinking vessel, usually
made of silver in the form of a shallow bowl with two flat
handles. Medieval examples were often made from wooden
staves, and some silver vessels were decorated to simulate
this effect. Small quaiches were for individual use; larger,
ornate varieties were passed around at ceremonies, as with
(1647-1724) English clock-maker whose clocks, watches and
barometers contributed to London's rise to supremacy in
horology in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. His
watches were among the earliest to be fitted with repeater
mechanisms. Quare was also notable for making longcase
clocks, usually of long duration between windings, and
fitted with unusual extras such as a secondary, equation
dial set into the case which showed the relationship between
mean time and solar time, and bracket clocks.
Type of veneering using four pieces of wood with the same
grain pattern to form a surface; each quarter has a pattern
that is a mirror image of the one alongside.
Set of four small tables, slightly decreasing in size from
one table to the next, so that they can be fitted into each
other to form a nest or used separately.
The most common of stones, used for decoration since the
Classical period. When free from impurities, it is a
colourless rock crystal; other forms most commonly used as
gemstones since the 19thC include the amethyst in all shades
of violet, the cairngorm in yellow and brown, and the yellow
citrine which is often wrongly referred to as topaz. The
physical properties of quartz are such that when an electric
current is passed through a precision-cut piece of quartz it
pulsates regularly. This is used in clocks and watches in
place of mechanical escapements to regulate the driving
force of an electric battery, resulting in much greater
accuracy. The first quartz clock movement was invented by W.
A. Morrison of the Bell Laboratories in 1929.
Trade name for crackled-effect art glass developed by the
English designer Frederick carder for the steuben glassworks
in the USA. A gather of molten glass was dipped into cold
water, which created a fine network of cracks on the outer
surface. The glass was then reheated to fuse the cracks and
rolled over powdered glass. The whole was then covered in
clear coloured glass. Sometimes the outer surface was
treated with acid to give a satin finish.
Queen Anne style
Early 18thC British design style that developed principally
during the reign of Queen Anne (1702-14). In the late 19thC,
a version known as Queen Anne Revival emerged in
architecture and reproduction furniture.
trailed glass decoration consisting of closely spaced
festoons, often used at nailsea glasshouse near Bristol and
at alloa glassworks in Scotland.
- (pronounced kem-pair), in Brittany, in
north-western France, producer of tin-glazed earthenware, or
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